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I-410 San Antonio Area Freeway System
Interstate 410 (John B. Connally Loop)

This page last updated November 14, 2020

I-410 highlight map This page covers Interstate 410 (Loop 410) around the city except for the section between the Fratt Interchange (Loop 410 North) and the Loop 410 South Cutoff on the Northeast Side. That section is concurrent with I-35 and because the I-35 mile markers and exit numbers are used along that stretch, information on that segment can be found on the I-35 North page.

Length: 49 miles (53 miles including the concurrent section on I-35)


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On this page

Overview
 
Roadway
details
Schematic
(Not yet available)
Lanes Access
roads
         
Exits
 
Speed
limits
Special features
& notes
Traffic Media
gallery
         
   
  Construction
projects
Future
plans
History
 
 
         

Overview

Interstate 410, known locally as Loop 410 or just "The Loop", is really a tale of two freeways. The southern half (south of US 90) generally demarks the edge of the city and resembles and functions more like a semi-rural or urban fringe Interstate than an urban freeway. Meanwhile, the northern arc is the busiest stretch of freeway in Texas outside of Houston-- making it one of the 25 or so busiest in the nation-- and is home to a substantial share of the region's suburban office space and several major shopping centers. The Loop also provides access to San Antonio International Airport, the South Texas Medical Center, the Southwest Research Institute and Texas Biomedical Research Institute, the Westover Hills area and Sea World of Texas, the National Security Agency campus, Joint Base San Antonio Ft. Sam Houston and Lackland, Traders Village, Brooks City-Base, Stinson Municipal Airport, the San Antonio Missions Trail National Park, Palo Alto College, Texas A&M University - San Antonio, the Toyota and Navistar plants and adjacent facilities, and the cities of Castle Hills, Balcones Heights, Leon Valley, Kirby, and Windcrest.

Land along the northern arc is heavily developed. Office towers, shopping malls, hotels, and other commercial developments dominate the landscape, interspersed with dense mid 20th century residential areas. South of US 90, development is much more dispersed with large tracts of vacant land, although this area has been seeing new residential, commercial, and industrial growth in recent years, most notably a growing logistics and industrial area at I-35 South.

In 2010, TxDOT completed a major decade-long program to expand Loop 410 to ten lanes across the North Side of San Antonio.


Loop 410 intersects with I-35 North at two places: Loop 410 North intersects I-35 north of Walzem Rd. at the Fratt Interchange, and Loop 410 East intersects I-35 south of Rittiman Rd. at the 410 South Cutoff. Both highways run concurrent (multiplexed) between these interchanges.

Roadway details

LANES
I-410 lanes map
  • 6 lanes from I-35 (Fratt Interchange) to Perrin-Beitel Rd.
  • 10 lanes from Perrin-Beitel Rd. to Evers Rd. with a short 8 lane section through the I-10 interchange
  • 8 lanes from Evers Rd. to Ingram Rd.
  • 6 lanes from Ingram Rd. to Valley Hi Dr.
  • 4 lanes from Valley Hi Dr. to I-35 North (410 South Cutoff)
 
ACCESS ROADS
I-410 access roads map
  • Continuous access roads along entire route except at:
    • I-35 South
    • Both sets of railroad tracks just west of I-35 South
    • I-37 South
    • I-10 East
    • FM 78 
  • Eastbound access road through-traffic requires a left turn at Harry Wurzbach Rd.
  • Southbound access road turns to become the northbound I-35 access road near FM 78 and Binz-Engleman Rd., but traffic can turn left at FM 78 to continue on southbound Loop 410 access road.
  • Southbound access road between Dietrich Rd. and I-10 East is two-way.
  • Eastbound access road ends at Interchange Pkwy. before reaching I-35 North. Traffic can turn around to the westbound access road or cross over to Perrin Creek Dr.
  • Access road flyovers (intersection bypass) at San Pedro Ave. (both directions) and at Military Dr. W
 
EXITS


Click here for a list of I-410 exits.

 
SPEED LIMITS
I-410 speed limit map
  • 60 mph between I-35 North and I-10 East
  • 65 mph north of US 90
  • 70 mph south of US 90
 
SPECIAL FEATURES & NOTES
I-410 special features map
  • TransGuide coverage from I-35 North to SH 151
  • VIA Metropolitan Transit Park & Ride locations:
    • Randolph: Fratt Interchange
    • Crossroads: I-10 West
  • VIA Metropolitan Transit Center locations:
    • North Star: San Pedro Ave.
    • Ingram: Ingram Rd.
  • Left exit from northbound I-410 to southbound I-35/Binz-Engleman Rd.
  • Partial directional interchanges at Bandera Rd., SH 151, and US 90. Full connectivity at Bandera Rd. and at SH 151 is provided by access road intersections. A full legacy cloverleaf interchange exists below the newer flyovers at Loop 410 which provides connectivity for all directions.
  • Route number concurrencies (multiplexes):
    • 4 miles of Loop 410 concurrent with I-35 North from Fratt Interchange to 410 South Cutoff
    • 16 miles of SH 16 concurrent along western arc from Bandera Rd. to Poteet-Jourdanton Fwy.
    • 3 miles of US 281 concurrent from I-37 to Roosevelt Ave.
    • 20 miles of SH 130 concurrent from I-35 South to I-10 East
 
TRAFFIC
I-410 traffic map
Traffic volume legend
 

Very heavy along northern arc (US 90 West to I-35 North). The northern section has been San Antonio's busiest or second busiest freeway for over three decades with counts now exceeding 300,000 vehicles per day between Blanco and San Pedro. Much of the chronic congestion along this stretch had been eased with the completion of several expansion and interchange projects in the first decade of this century. However, that expansion has now drawn significant increases in traffic and new recurring congestion. Recurring morning congestion occurs northbound between US 90 and I-10 and northbound between I-10 East and I-35 North. Evening peak congestion occurs in both directions between I-10 West and US 281 North, eastbound approaching I-35 North, and southbound approaching I-10 East.

The southern half carries generally moderate traffic. 

Nearly the entire loop has seen significant increases in traffic over the past decade.

 
AVERAGE ANNUAL DAILY TRAFFIC
LOCATION 1999 2009 2014 2017 2018 2019 '09-'19
% CHG
E of Perrin-Beitel Rd.128,000126,000128,580158,807160,091163,071+29.42%
W of Nacogdoches Rd.174,000144,000166,188220,817223,475229,058+59.07%
W of Wetmore Rd.184,000139,000170,424215,609230,084235,310+69.29%
W of McCullough Ave.209,000215,000224,403278,805291,434291,725+35.69%
E of Blanco Rd.201,000215,000226,894297,977299,814305,764+42.22%
W of Vance Jackson Rd.196,000215,000230,440265,276269,689276,016+28.38%
E of Evers Rd.175,000193,000211,311259,433224,734228,632+18.46%
S of Bandera Rd.154,000164,000183,798212,258214,363218,205+33.05%
N of US 90W101,000109,000114,526126,899128,970127,248+16.74%
S of US 90W71,00085,00094,196104,373104,744121,514+42.96%
N of Pearsall Rd.39,00050,00059,38271,97873,95176,486+52.97%
W of I-35S31,00043,00050,45257,59570,13373,410+70.72%
E of Somerset Rd.21,00030,00037,78046,48047,24549,450+64.83%
E of Poteet-Jourdanton Fwy.23,00028,00040,43246,37850,00853,146+89.81%
W of Roosevelt Ave.25,00035,00043,51154,75357,00659,670+70.49%
E of Roosevelt Ave.24,00033,00046,76750,23450,69252,761+59.88%
W of I-3728,00043,00053,19761,34060,93760,705+41.17%
E of I-3727,00044,00052,23656,61855,67356,356+28.08%
S of Southcross Blvd.32,00047,00055,19161,88760,80161,383+30.60%
S of Rigsby40,00051,00061,10865,67565,33865,688+28.80%
S of E. Houston St.54,00063,00071,08977,71276,65578,559+24.70%
S of I-10E58,00065,00074,84380,87279,37183,569+28.57%
N of I-10E66,00070,00072,35282,79881,42282,654+18.08%
N of FM 7863,00069,00064,79170,33169,49171,815+4.08%
 

Media gallery

Click here for video of this freeway.


Construction projects

  • Ingram Rd. to US 90: Widen freeway to ten and eight lanes and build Phase 2 of the SH 151 interchange. Click here for details on this project.

Click here to view information for all projects in this corridor.


Future plans

TxDOT has intermediate-term plans to expand the section from SH 151 to SH 16 South to eight lanes and rebuild the I-35 South interchange. Those projects are currently projected to start in 2032, with a project to revise entrance and exit ramps and improve intersections set to start in 2021. 

Work to begin rebuilding the I-10 East/Loop 410 interchange is scheduled to begin in 2021; click here for more information on that project.

A project to make several operational improvements in the Loop 410/US 281/San Pedro area will make substantial changes to exits, intersections, and access roads along Loop 410 between US 281 and West Ave. More details on that project is here.


History

A loop around San Antonio was first proposed in 1934 as part of the Arneson Plan to improve state highways in Bexar County. That plan included most of the northeastern quadrant of today's Loop 410 but had the remainder of the loop closer to downtown than today's route, much of which was built as Military Dr. on the South Side and WW White Rd. on the East Side. On the West Side, the planned route would have used the Callaghan Rd. corridor and run between Kelly and Lackland Air Force Bases.

Planning for the "Military Loop" on the North Side during WWII showed the section between NW Military Hwy. and I-10 running slightly northwest to meet I-10 near Wurzbach Rd. The city's 1951 master plan, sometimes called the Lilly Report, moved this routing a little further south to meet Callaghan Rd. at Fredericksburg Rd. and then follow the Callaghan Rd. corridor-- which at that time was still outside the city-- from there to US 90. By 1955, however, that route had been scrapped and replaced with the present-day route from NW Military Hwy. around to US 90 and then continuing along today's routing around the South Side. This route was chosen to avoid traversing the Air Force bases and the heavily urbanized section of the existing Loop 13 (Military Dr.) on the South Side. 

The first sections to be built were numbered Loop 13. Interstate 410 was first designated in 1959 but did not include the section on the North Side between I-10 and I-35; this is because the existing section east of San Pedro was still just a surface road. For route number continuity, though, that section was designated and signed as State Loop 410 until it was finally upgraded to Interstate standards and designated as I-410 by the Texas Transportation Commission on July 31, 1969 (Minute Order 62561.)

Loop 410 is named the Connally Loop for Texas Governor John B. Connally. Connally, who served as governor from 1963 to 1969, was from the San Antonio area and was instrumental in helping the city during the HemisFair World's Fair in 1968. 

Loop 410 was the first Interstate loop in Texas to be completed.

  • September 1956: The section between Culebra Rd. and Bandera Rd. opens as a two-lane expressway (i.e. one lane each way.)
  • October 1956: The segment from Culebra Rd. south to Marbach Rd. opens as a two-lane expressway and the section from Marbach Rd. to US 90 opens as access roads.
  • March 1957: Access roads between Vance Jackson Rd. and Cherry Ridge Dr. open along with the mainlanes from Cherry Ridge Dr. to Fredericksburg Rd.
  • December 1957: Access roads from Vance-Jackson Rd. to San Pedro Ave. open.
  • ca. 1958: The section between Blanco Rd. and McCullough upgraded to a freeway including construction of a cloverleaf interchange at San Pedro Ave.
  • April 1958: Access roads between Bandera Rd. and Callaghan Rd. open as well as the mainlanes from Callaghan Rd. to Fredericksburg Rd.
  • July 1958: Access roads from San Pedro Ave. to Wetmore Rd. open.
  • 1959: Interstate 410 designated and signs along existing sections of Loop 13 on the northwest side are changed.
  • September 1959: Freeway (mainlains and access roads) from US 90 to Old Pearsall Rd. completed.
  • January 1960: Freeway from Old Pearsall Rd. to I-35 opens including interchange at I-35.
  • April 1960: Interchange at I-10 West completed.
  • May 1960: Mainlanes from Bandera Rd. to Callaghan Rd. completed.
  • June 1960: Freeway from Bandera Rd. to US 90 opens including interchange at US 90.
  • March 1961: Mainlanes from Cherry Ridge Dr. to NW Military Hwy. completed.
  • February 1963: Mainlanes from I-35 to Poteet-Jourdanton Fwy. opens.
  • March 1963: Mainlanes from Poteet-Jourdanton Fwy. to Roosevelt Ave. completed.
  • September 1963: Mainlanes from San Pedro Ave. to Nacogdoches Rd. opens.
  • 1964: Mainlanes from Nacogdoches Rd. to I-35 and freeway from Rittiman Rd. to Southcross Blvd. completed including interchange at I-10 East.
  • 1965: Mainlanes from Roosevelt Ave. to S Presa St. opens.
  • January 19, 1966: Freeway from S Presa St. to Southcross Blvd. opens with ribbon-cutting ceremony for entire Loop 410 completion.
  • 1969: Interchange at I-37 completed.
  • July 1969: Interstate 410 designation extended to northern section of Loop 410.
  • 1975: The section from San Pedro Ave. to Harry Wurzbach Rd. widened to six lanes.
  • 1976: The segment from San Pedro Ave. to I-10 widened to six lanes.
  • 1980-1983: Fratt Interchange rebuilt in a blockbuster project-- the largest ever in the highway department's history at that time.
  • 1981: The section from Harry Wurzbach Rd. to Perrin Beitel Rd. widened to six lanes.
  • 1982: The segment from I-10 to Ingram Rd. widened to six lanes.
  • 1987: The section from Ingram Rd. to Valley Hi Dr. widened to six lanes.
  • 1988: Access roads from Somerset Rd. to Southton Rd. and from WW White Rd. to Southcross Blvd. built.
  • 1994: Overpasses at Fredericksburg Rd. and at Cherry Ridge Dr. widened to accommodate future expansion of I-10 interchange.
  • 1996: Additional westbound lane added from I-10 to Babcock Rd.
  • 1998: The segment from Jackson-Keller Rd. to Cherry Ridge Dr. widened to ten lanes but only eight lanes marked to limit bottlenecking. This was the first project in a larger program to widen Loop 410 from Culebra Rd. to I-35 North.
  • 1999: TransGuide coverage added from Ingram Rd. to I-35 North.
  • 2000-2009: I-10 interchange reconstructed including expanding Loop 410 to eight lanes through interchange.
  • 2001: The section between McCullough Ave. and US 281 widened and prepared for the planned 281/410 interchange.
  • 2003: The segment from I-10 to Callaghan Rd. expanded to ten lanes.
  • 2004: The section from Jackson-Keller Rd. to Blanco Rd. widened to ten lanes (eight lanes initially marked).
  • June 18th, 2007: First ramp in US 281 interchange opened to traffic.
  • 2008: The segment from Blanco Rd. to McCullough Ave. widened to ten lanes and the San Pedro interchange rebuilt. The previously-completed sections between Blanco Rd. and I-10 restriped to ten lanes.
  • June 2008: US 281 interchange completed including widening Loop 410 to ten lanes from Jones-Maltsberger Rd. to Nacogdoches Rd.
  • May 2009: Elevated connectors to Bandera Rd. opened.
  • Mid 2009: The segment from Callaghan Rd. to Ingram Rd. widened to eight and ten lanes.
  • Late 2009: The section from Ingram Rd. to Culebra Rd. widened to six lanes.
  • 2010: The segment from Nacogdoches Rd. to Austin Hwy. widened to ten lanes. This was the last section to be widened as part of the larger Loop 410 widening program that started in 1997.
  • 2011: The section of Loop 410 from I-35 South to I-10 East is included in a project to extend the SH 130 designation from the SH 130 toll road near Seguin to I-35 to provide route number continuity.
  • 2018: The segment from Ingram Rd. to SH 151 widened to eight lanes and the first phase of the SH 151 interchange completed.
  • 2019: Phase 1 of the US 90 interchange completed.


Loop 410 at Nacogdoches looking north ca. 1961
The road running left to right is Loop 410. At this time, it was still a four-lane surface road.
(Photo courtesy of TxDOT)




Loop 410 at McCullough looking west in 1958
Construction on North Star Mall was just getting started at the left.
(Photo courtesy of TxDOT)




Loop 410 over the WW White Road area looking northeast ca. 1964
The interchange near the center of the photo is Southcross Blvd. Work to complete the final section of Loop 410 had not yet started.
(Photo courtesy of TxDOT)





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